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How to Make Hamster Cage?

How to Make Hamster Cage?

Hamsters can run up to five and a half miles per night. Digging burrows or climbing is their favorite kind of exercise. It is crucial for a hamster to be active all the way through.

This is why hamsters need a spacious place to live in. Larger cages make up for their needs. It is even better to connect several cages via tunnels so that your pet can continue its natural activities to remain healthy.

Though there are hundreds of cages available out there, most of them are costly. You can make a DIY cage at your home but do you know how to make Hamster cage? If you don’t, take a look at our easy guide to take you through the steps of making a Hamster cage.

What to Consider While Making Hamster Cage?

You need to consider a bunch of things before you start making a cage for your pet Hamster. They are crucial because if you do it wrong, your little pet can suffer later.

Size and Type of the Cage

Hamsters need a lot of room, especially at night. As nocturnal animals, they will require a moderately large cage where they can roam around. Though they produce less urine than other rodents which helps them to be in a smaller space, you need to consider the space for them.

In most cases, a 24 inch by 12-inch space is enough for one Hamster with a height of 24 inches. The cage you will be making should keep your Hamster from hazards and secure.

It is better to build plastic cages than metal as metal can be too harsh for Hamsters while running. Wooden cages are never a good choice for these little pets.

Even if you build a cage with stainless steel bars or mesh sides, it should have a raised lid to it so that you can easily change the bedding material when needed. To place the bedding material and keep it in place, the cage floor should be solid.

Though Hamsters produce a small quantity of urine, proper floor and bedding material will help absorb that urine and keep the cage risk-free for your pet.

Bedding Material

No matter what you provide as bedding material, it should be deep enough so that your Hamster can dig it. It will better to provide a litter area for Hamsters that is deep enough to allow them to burrow.

You can use coarse sand as it is a natural substrate but is difficult to handle. Peat can also be a choice but it will discolor the pet’s coat. You can also use dust-free wood shavings or granulated corn-cob.

Nesting Material

You should also provide your Hamsters with proper nesting material. Using good quality hay or wood wool can be suitable. Even shredded paper or cardboard will work.

But keep in mind, you shouldn’t be providing any nesting material that can separate into thin strands like cotton wool or similar bedding products. It will create a serious threat to the health of your Hamsters.

Types of Hamster Cages

You can build different types of cages for your Hamsters. But not all pets need the same type and all owners have the same budget. Depending on the need of your pet and your budget, you can choose from a variety of types that are commonly used. Here are some of them for you to take a look at.

Wire Cages

Wire cages are mostly inexpensive. You can simply make the base of the cage with plastic or other durable material except for wood. Sidewalls of the cage should be made of thick wire.

The top can also be made of wire but you need to place a protective cover on the top. If you make the base removable, it will make cleaning the base a breeze.

Wire cages are also great for ventilation. It will make a great entertainment if you Hamster likes to climb. But be careful to not make the width of the wires very large as your pet can slip through.

Glass Tanks

Glass tanks can be used as Hamster cages. Though building them at home is quite difficult, you can use an old aquarium as an enclosure for your pet. But the top of the tank should be covered with a mesh lid so that the ventilation is right.

In the case of glass thanks, people often think that there won’t be enough air circulation. But it isn’t crucial either. As desert animals, Hamsters pee a lot less than other small pets. So, the chance of toxic fumes being produced is less in this case.

Plastic Cages

This might be the most convenient type to build at your home. If you have a plastic storage basket, you can modify it to make a cage. This type of cage needs a mesh lid too as there isn’t enough ventilation area. But you can make wired or mesh windows by cutting the plastic in places.

Travel Cages

Travel cages aren’t much different than other types but they are smaller for easy carrying. Metal cages won’t be a good choice as they can hurt your pet while traveling. Glass cages are also risky as they can break easily. Making a travel cage with plastic can be a good choice.

Tools You’ll Need to Make Hamster Cage

Depending on the type of cage you are making, you will require different tools. But we will try to give you an idea of a set of essential tools that will come in handy while making Hamster cages.

  • Small nails and hammer
  • Hot glue gun
  • Craft knife
  • Wire mesh
  • Plastic nets
  • Spray paint
  • Staple gun
  • Screws
  • Saw
  • Drill
  • Cable Ties
  • Duct tape
  • Soldering iron
  • Metal ruler

Organize everything before you start making a cage. Depending on the type of cage, you might need to make some adjustments.


Buying a Hamster cage can be fancy but why would you spend a lot of bucks when you know how to make a Hamster cage? As now you know what to consider, give it a try, do some experiments, and build a cage on your own. If you succeed, it will not only make a great place to live for your pet but also a great enjoyment for yourself.

John Thompson

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